Altitude 50 m s.l.m.
Surface 102.41 km2
In the Middle Ages was an important cultural center, commercial,
economic and financial; in the modern age has served as the capital
of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany under the Dominion of the families
of the Medici and Lorena. It was the capital of Italy from 1865
to 1870, after unification (1861).
Important University Centre and UNESCO, is considered the birthplace
of the Renaissance